Pin It

Home » COPD Medications

COPD Medications

Patients with chronic pulmonary disease, such as COPD, typically benefit from bronchodilators both beta-2 agonists and atropinergic (antimuscarinic). The centerpiece of asthma management is the inhaled corticosteroids but these are also useful for COPD patients coupled with a long-acting beta-2 agonist. These drugs are targeted to reducing hyperinflation by opening the airways. Therefore, they are helpful to exercise training as they prolong the ability to exercise at higher rates of work and increase the imposed limits of shortness of breath and limited hyperinflation and respiratory flow.

IV and oral steroids have an anti-inflammatory action during an exacerbation. When a bacterial infection is suspected, antibiotics are indicated during an exacerbation. It is significant to recognize that some exacerbations are complicated or caused by viral infections. Pneumonia as well as influenza vaccinations will prevent some exacerbations.

In addition, other various medications include digoxin, diuretics, medications for co-morbid conditions common to this respiratory patient population and anti-inflammatory pain medications.

It’s important to understand that this chronic patient population is prevalent for colonization of specific pathogens and in most cases these pathogens are the cause of acute exacerbations of the chronic respiratory disease patients.

Thus, the physician will be in a poised position to prescribe based on medical history secondary to having a keen understanding of the disease process.